Cardioband in Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation

Untreated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has been associated to high morbimortality. Surgical treatment of isolated severe TR is complex and carries a high mortality rate. 

valvula tricuspide

A transcatheter treatment of this valve is currently being developed, and different concepts are being applied to the new devices. 

Even though most TR is secondary, atrial functional tricuspid regurgitation (A-FTR) has recently been described; it happens as a result of right atrial and tricuspid annulus dilation. The evolution of this new entity vs transcatheter treatment for non-atrial functional tricuspid regurgitation (NA-FTR), remains unclear. 

165 patients with severe symptomatic TR were analyzed, 62 (37.6%) presented A-FTR.

The Cardioband device was used to perform transcatheter annuloplasty. 

Mean patient age was 79, and they were mostly women. There were no differences in diabetes, coronary artery disease, pulmonary hypertension, MI, cardiac surgery, pacemaker implantation, COPD and kidney function deterioration. NA-FTR patients presented more hypertension, atrial fibrillation, elevated bilirubin, BNP and higher surgical scores (TRI-SCORE and EUROSCORE). Ventricular function was lower in patients with NA-FTR (46% vs 57%, p<0.001).

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The most frequent TR in A-FTR was severe, while NA-FTR patients saw more torrential TR.

Procedural success was higher among A-FTR patients (75.8% vs 55.3%, p<0.001).

After a 12 month followup, mortality resulted lower among A-FTR patients (6.5% vs. 23.8%, p=0.011), with no differences in rehospitalization for cardiac failure. TR reduction was maintained in both groups, improving functional class. A-FTR patients saw more ≤2 TR reduction.

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A-FTR phenotype was a strong predictor of ≤2 TR reduction at 30 days. 

NA-FTR showed more right ventricular remodeling. 


Transcatheter tricuspid annuloplasty reduces tricuspid regurgitation in both phenotypes. A-FTR is a strong predictor of tricuspid regurgitation ≤2. NA-FTR showed more right ventricular remodeling. Both phenotypes showed similar clinical improvement, which emphasizes the benefit of transcatheter annuloplasty, even in advanced cases. 

Dr. Carlos Fava - Consejo Editorial SOLACI

Dr. Carlos Fava.
Member of the Editorial Board of

Original Title: Performance of Transcatheter Direct Annuloplasty in Patients With Atrial and Nonatrial Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation

Reference: Jennifer von Stein, et al. J Am Coll Cardiol Intv 2024;17:1470–1481.

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