Valvular Aortic Valve articles

ACC 2024

ACC 2024 | SMART Trial: Self-Expanding or Balloon-Expandable TAVR in Patients with Small Aortic Annulus

ACC 2024 | SMART Trial: Self-Expanding or Balloon-Expandable TAVR in Patients with Small Aortic Annulus

Patients with severe aortic stenosis and a small aortic annulus face an increased risk of deteriorated valvular hemodynamic performance and adverse cardiovascular clinical outcomes after undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This study, a prospective multicenter randomized trial, aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of two types of valves: the supra-annular self-expanding EVOLUT (SEV)

ACC 2024

ACC 2024 | DEDICATE Trial: Transcatheter or Surgical Treatment of Aortic Valve Stenosis

In recent years, TAVR has been increasingly used; however, when it comes to younger, lower risk patients, its use is still challenged.  In this context, there is limited information and we lack randomized studies on “real world” cohorts.  The DEDICATE randomized 1.414 patients over 65 with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. 701 of these patients received

Sistema EVOQUE: reemplazo tricuspídeo transcatéter, resultados al año

Temporal Trends in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement for Isolated Severe Aortic Stenosis

A study by the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Group Consortium recently published online identified all patients with aortic valve stenosis treated with surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement between 2016 and 2022 in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont (USA). These patients were divided for analysis into three age groups: under 65 years old, 65

ACC 2024

ACC 2024 | RELIEVE-HF

Heart failure is characterized by increased left atrial filling pressure and venous congestion which intensify with exercise and volume burden, and makes conventional medical management hard. In this context, interatrial shunting might offer a self-regulating mechanism, as shown by the Ventura IAS study. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy

Nuevas guías de valvulopatías con actualizaciones clave en TAVI e insuficiencia mitral

TAVR in the Different Types of Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis (AS) is classified according to gradient into high flow and high gradient (D1), low flow-low gradient with reduced ejection fraction (D2), and paradoxical low flow-low gradient with conserved ejection fraction (D3). D3 AS is characterized by ≥50% ejection fraction, but with systolic volume index ≤35 ml/min. Post TAVR evolution of D2 and D3

Anillos aórticos pequeños, ¿Qué válvula deberíamos elegir?

NOTION Trial: 10 Year Outcomes, TAVR vs. SAVR in Low Risk Patients

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has revolutionized the treatment of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Randomized studies have shown the benefits of TAVR for treating inoperable patients, as well as high and intermediate risk patients.  The NOTION (Nordic Aortic Valve Intervention Trial) randomized patients with low risk severe AS to TAVR or SAVR (surgical

pacemaker marcapasos definitivo

Guidewire Pacing and Pressure Assessment in TAVR: The SAFE-TAVI Study

Currently, the number of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures is increasing as it expands towards a lower-risk younger population. Therefore, continuous technological advancement is imperative to reduce post-procedural complications. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the SavyWire, a preformed 0.035-gauge guidewire that can perform three essential functions: 1) it facilitates prosthesis transportation

Resultados alentadores en la válvula mitral percutánea en los pacientes complejos

TENDER Study, Evolution at One Year

The use of transcatheter mitral valve intervention for the treatment of mitral valve regurgitation (MR) continues to evolve; at present guidelines only recommend it for inoperable or high surgical risk patients.    So far, many devices have been assessed, some of which have shown promising results, but only for poor surgical candidates.  Researchers looked into the

Tricuspid Valve Transcatheter Edge-to-Edge Repair in the “Real World”

Tricuspid valve transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (T-TEER) is currently under development, with an increasing number of conducted procedures. While the TRILUMINATE Study did not reveal benefit regarding major events, it did show improvements in quality of life. In the real world, we encounter numerous patients who do not meet the study criteria but still experience symptoms

Nuevo dispositivo para medición del FFR permite cruzar la lesión con nuestra guía preferida

Use of Transjugular Echocardiography in TAVR

TAVR is a well-established course of treatment, increasingly indicated in lower risk populations. However, one of the challenges associated with self-expanding TAVR, compared against balloon expandable TAVR and SAVR, is the frequent need for definite permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI).  High implantation, also known as cusp overlapping (COT), has been shown to reduce the need for

intervencion percutanea

Post TAVR Long Term Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Inflammatory Disease

Patients suffering from immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease (CID) face a high risk of developing heart disease, including aortic valve disease. Inflammatory vascular disease when triggered by an autoimmune condition, can prompt a harmful response leading to valve degeneration, with increased calcification and fibrosis, and the associated progression of stenosis, failure or both.  Prior research has

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